Earthquake zones and volcanoes
As geographers we will:
• Investigate patterns of earthquakes, mountains and volcanoes
• Explore the different climatic and vegetation zones of the world
• Find out about where natural resources are found
• Explore how countries are linked through their use of natural resources
We will look at:
Physical features of our world such as:
• The ‘ring of fire’ – an amazing area of the world where most of the volcanoes and earthquakes may be found
• The different types of volcano that may be found around the ring of fire
• The incredible range of temperature zones from the poles to the tropics and how the vegetation and animals differ in these places
• Places where we find our most precious life resources – water, food and energy
• Places where we find our most precious economic resources – precious metals, diamonds and energy
• The location of major mountain chains of the world and a look at how they have formed over many millions of years
Human features of our world, such as:
• Economic activity in different zones throughout the world
• How countries trade their natural resources
• Some of the deepest mines and the fantastic machinery that extract natural resources
• Some of the concerns about the overuse of some of the world’s natural resources such as rainforest timber, fish and even helium – the party balloon gas that is becoming rarer by the day
• We will explore how scientists are trying to develop new energy resources and technologies
• How communities and engineers deal with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes
As artists we will:
• Draw and paint images of volcanoes, earthquakes and zones we study
• Create sculptures
• Take inspiration from some of the world’s greatest artists in each of the zones we visit
Achievements and legacies
As historians we will:
• Study the development of achievements and legacies throughout British history.
We will begin by exploring some of our own personal achievements and then some of the things in modern life that we consider to be big achievements, such as the construction of magnificent buildings and the invention of technologies that have transformed our lives.
We will then explore some of the big achievements and legacies of civilisations throughout history. We will explore the tools and weapons of early British civilisations and one of the most iconic structures of our country – Stonehenge. We will look at the metal objects of the Bronze and Iron Ages, which was also the time that the first Scottish plaids and bagpipes were made. We will explore some of the magnificent engineering accomplishments of the Romans, including Hadrian’s Wall, thermal heating and Roman baths. We will discover how the Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings gave us our month and day names. We will look at some of the other great achievements since CE1066, including Tudor and Elizabethan explorers, the first moon landings and the development of medicines and healthcare. We will take a look at some of the marvellous inventions of the Victorian era and will look at some of the achievements of significant people from our local area.
We will look at some of the legacies of ancient societies like the ancient Bible stories such as the Garden of Eden, the Tower of Babel, Noah’s Ark and The Three Wise Men. We will discover how the Indus Valley shaped Dynasty. We will discover how the Indus Valley shaped the cultures of Pakistan and India. We will look at the fine porcelain and silk that was first created by the Shang Dynasty. We will look at Egyptian mummies and pyramids, and discover that they invented toothpaste. We will look at one of the most fun legacies of the Mayans – chocolate! Our main focus will be on the legacy of the Ancient Greeks who gave us democracy, mathematics, the Olympic games and the marathon.
Shake things up
As designers we will:
• Learn about structures
• Explore how to strengthen and stabilise our structures
We will find out about how one of the biggest challenges in earthquake zones, such as California in the USA, is to create buildings that can withstand the shake of an earthquake. We will research shear forces and ways engineers design earthquake-proof buildings. Our Shake Things Up Challenge will be to build a shake platform to test our prototypes and modify them until they keep the occupants of our buildings safe.
We will also explore different ways to create buildings from blocks and shapes. To do this we will create our own ‘Angry Birds’ structures out of real materials to see how we can withstand the birds crashing into them!
We will discover how arches are very strong shapes and we will see how architecture throughout the ages has used the arch to create stable structures and openings. We will take the Sugar Cube Arch challenge, where we will have to build our own arches out of sugar cubes.
We will explore how to stiffen and strengthen materials by rolling, folding and combining them. We will take part in the Paper Chair Challenge where we will need to make a chair that will hold our own weight out of paper!
Our next challenges will be to make a Tin Foil Tower that is strong and stable and uses only paper and tin foil, a spaghetti structure that turns a brittle material into a strong structure, and a house of cards which will turn flexible and light playing cards into a strong, stable house.
Finally, we will take part in the Great Bridge Challenge, where we will need to use all of our knowledge of structures to build a suspension bridge that is at least half a metre in length. The winner of the challenge will be the team with the best designed and strongest bridge.